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Bash script with timeout function

This bash script is thought to automated run processes that may not run forever but may hang sometimes. You can set a timeout after which the script will kill the processes that are still running.


#!/bin/bash
# License: BSD License

# As Example we start 3 production processes in the background
# always record PID in PRODPID 

sleep 50 &
PRODPID[1]=$!

sleep 20 &
PRODPID[2]=$!

# multiple processes in a subshell as example
(sleep 20 ; sleep 10 ; sleep 5)&
PRODPID[3]=$!

export PRODPID


# record own PID
export PID=$$

# define exit function
exit_timeout() {
  echo "Timeout. These processes are not finished:"
  for i in ${PRODPID[@]} ; do
    ps -p $i |grep -v "PID TTY      TIME CMD"
    if [ $? == 0 ] ; then
      # process still alive
      echo "Sending SIGTERM to process $i"
      kill $i
    fi
  done
  # timeout exit
  exit
}

# Handler for signal USR1 for the timer
trap exit_timeout SIGUSR1

# starting timer in subshell. It sends a SIGUSR1 to the father if it timeouts.
export TIMEOUT=30
(sleep $TIMEOUT ; kill -SIGUSR1 $PID) &

# record PID of timer
TPID=$!


# wait for all production processes to finish
wait ${PRODPID[*]}

# Normal exit
echo "All processes ended normal"

# kill timer
kill $TPID

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday 16 of November, 2005 09:07:52 UTC by admin.

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